Causes of Hernia: What you should know


A hernia is a medical condition wherein the muscle or tissues of a certain internal organ protrudes out of its natural organ. A hernia can be of different types depending upon its location and nature. You should immediately consult a doctor the moment you identify any unexplainable bulge or swelling in your lower abdomen or groin area. You must know that hernia can develop at any age and any gender. There are certain factors that give rise to this condition.

What are the causes of Hernia?

A hernia can be caused due to various reasons:

  • Lifting heavy objects can cause intra-abdominal stress giving rise to hernia.
  • Excess weight gain around the abdominal area can lead to the broadening of the abdominal wall and the development of a hernia.
  • Any kind of strain on the abdominal wall can expose the person to this condition.
  • Prolonged coughing can give rise to excess strain on the abdominal wall. It also makes a person vulnerable to this condition.
  • The body releases certain hormones during pregnancy. These hormones stretch the abdominal wall to the extent that the body becomes vulnerable to herpes.
  • Any past surgical procedure on the abdomen area can weaken its walls, making it prone to hernia. The risk factor multiplies when an infection occurs at the site of surgery.
  • The hernia is also a genetic disorder. In other words, you can be prone to contracting hernia if you have a family history of this disease.
  • Increasing age can result in wear and tear of the abdominal muscles, leading to hernia.
  • If a woman has gone through multiple pregnancies, she might increase her chances of contracting hernia in the future.
  • Frequent state of chronic constipation strains the muscles and tissues, leading to hernia.
  • Obesity is a leading cause of hernia in people. This is the reason doctors always suggest to maintain a healthy body weight to prevent this condition.
  • Children who are born with low birth weight or born prematurely are also vulnerable to contracting hernia in the future.
  • Cases of cystic fibrosis is also a leading cause of hernia.
  • Smoking leads to the weakening of the connective tissue and eventually hernia.

Tips to Prevent Hernia

Is hernia preventable? Fortunately yes, with some simple lifestyle changes, you can prevent this condition:

  • Healthy Weight – Obesity is the leading cause of hernia in people all over the world. Make sure you maintain a healthy Body Mass Index (BMI) throughout your life. You can incorporate yoga or exercise in your fitness regime to achieve ideal body weight.
  • Diet – Including a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily diet can help you in staying away from getting a hernia. High fiber intake will keep your body free from constipation and unnecessary muscle straining. If your abdomen muscles are strong, you are at low risk of contracting this disease.
  • Quit Smoking – If you are into smoking, you should immediately quit it to eradicate the risks of hernia. Constant smoking can lead to chronic coughing and other respiratory problems. Consult the doctor immediately if you identify any unusual lumps.

The hernia is a serious medical condition that can lead to complications if left untreated. Surgery is the only possible treatment option for this condition. There are different types of surgeries performed to repair the abdominal tissue or muscle. Your surgeon will be the best person to decide the right option for you.